November 13, 2017

Cultural models Part 2

He does not believe that European culture is above any other, but acknowledges the fact that Western culture is very interesting as a multinational phenomenon, where each nation contributes its tone and the overall composition. Western civilization polyphonic, and multinational. That is why one of the most important results of the study he sees a clear understanding of how national configuration built into.

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Belief that every significant nation deserves to be passed the way it was considered especially AL Kroeber model accordingly considers cultural growth of each country: France, Italy, Spain, England, Germany, Netherlands, Switzerland and etc. Thus, the development of German culture it is divided into four periods; England identifies three peak; Spain is different in that its greatest achievements concentrated in one phase. Each nation analyzes them involving specific material, lead is not possible here because confine ourselves to one example of a concise evaluation of characteristics of France: France has experienced three periods brightest cultural brilliance: the Middle Ages, under Louis XIV and Napoleon at that concerns the question of nature of the dynamics of culture, AL Kroeber sees a problem that has not yet been carried out satisfactorily distinguish between material or content, culture, and its forms or models. Everything is essentially independent model should be treated as equals. In each culture phenomenon is always something unique and unrepeatable, but at the same time – something general (models, patterns, i.e. the general properties).

Common patterns are not specific to plants themselves but also for their historical trajectories.

Said displacement inevitably some models, even the high-level other models. He does not consider it possible to answer questions about the causes of death highly cultural models. Obviously, models need to be selective and more or less differentiated and specialized. Each model is determined very early with the choice of a particular direction, but the choices that need to get to a particular model could emerge sooner or later almost always revolves restrictions. In this case, it attempts to change and expand. If such efforts take the form of a pause in cultural activities, the possible redistribution of energy and change direction, so after the interval growth resumed in a slightly modified and expanded form. AL Kroeber says that he knows that the forces that produce activity in model systems.

He proposes to call them “cultural energy.” The study of cultural patterns in their spatial-temporal relationships and values promotes understanding of the infinite sequence.

Historical issues concerning the genesis of civilizations were only clearly established, but unresolved AL Kroeber. This is partly because the AL Kroeber, like his predecessors, sought to study the peaks of civilization, “trying to trace the similarities and differences in how different civilizations behave in a climactic point of various aspects of culture.” He acknowledged that such research, which they made, statements regarding experts recession much less than but over the period of recovery; and, in fact, it was not the subject of his research as pause, stop, regression periods of infertility is less part of the complex of problems, the core of which is an internal problem of the relationship productive periods in the history of the people and civilization.

Consciously limiting the scope of his ongoing investigation, he at the same time said: “The study of civilizations is unlikely to become truly scientific, not yet rid of emotional attitude to the crisis, decline, collapse, death and extinction”.

Conclude that A. L. Kroeber largely outlined the prospects for further study of the problem. Only at the turn of XX-XXI centuries. periods of recession or infertility culture became the subject of scrutiny, both domestic and foreign scientists, as indeed there is a clear need for studies of this kind.

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