October 12, 2017

Friedrich Nietzsche’s idea of eternal return Part 2

For the elite areas of art, in the XIX XX centuries. Cardinal program position can be considered Nietzsche purpose of metaphysical art, which he noted in the foreword of “The Birth of Tragedy from the spirit of music.” The phenomenon of Greek beauty for Nietzsche was not “starry sliding on the surface”, and genealogy immersed in depth towards the chaotic sources. He believed that in Dionysian intoxication and mystical artist opened his own state unity of the primordial inner world, which takes place in the symbolic likeness dreams. Note that such an interpretation of art was a continuation of the tradition that comes from romantics and Schopenhauer. The followers of Nietzsche between two opposites in art Dionysian give priority first. The obvious enthusiasm of many theorists and practitioners of the art ideas took place in several countries. At the time this fact caustically commented DS, noting that in “Nietzsche was one half of tramps, our other”, calling among supporters of the new. Ivanov appealed to the ideas of Nietzsche Dionysian beginning in art, trying to create the original concept of the future of the theater, which oddly combines Christian idea of catholicity, whose purpose transforming mankind.

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And put forward by the German thinker was the most attractive between modernist art and the pursuit of innovation. Something else occurred fate artistic heritage of the German philosopher in the second half of the century, when they were spotted, and actualized involved in the creative process and some other ideas reinterpreted old. It was possible that more mature Nietzsche emphasized no longer metaphysical purpose of art, and its gaming nature.

And that it is adjacent to the tradition that comes from Friedrich Schiller and Kant W. justifies game concept art. Art is an illusion, a game poet a liar. Nietzsche regarded art as a “cult invalid”, considered the perception of art as a “good will to illusion.” Art is interpreted as preparation for life and the nose needed rest. The real struggle of life and infinitely complicated human activity is represented in art simplified, reduced form. The need for art lies in the fact that it gives the illusion of a simplified world, reduced solution mysteries of life. “Without this illusion, as without sleep cannot do none of the suffering of life. The harder the life, the stronger the desire for the illusion of simplicity.

Because F. Nietzsche art for the holidays. This feature is coming art is described in detail in the following philosophers who noticed a common symptom of the new art, translucent with all its manifestations: moving art from the sphere of life, “serious” in the gaming sector. Off highly pathetic character who two centuries ago adopted the aesthetic pleasure, now completely weathered.

This feature art of XX century. Has said Ortega: “Art was a serious thing, almost sacred. Sometimes it for example, on behalf of Schopenhauer and Wagner claimed the salvation of the human race, no less!” ironically Spanish philosopher. Indeed, today, the scientific and artistic creativity sometimes can be seen as high sports passion fruit. In late Nietzsche find that creativity this is vanity, bad taste, senior people are engaged in creative work (he, note did not try to confirm these judgments own way of life). Artists like he said, engaged in flames, use tools to make things beautiful, attractive, worthy of desire. All this we must learn from the artists, and the other to be wiser than them. For this subtle power usually stops them wherever terminated art and life begins, “We want to be the poets of our lives, and, especially in the smallest and the everyday. “These and other ideas were Friedrich Nietzsche later life in contemporary culture, philosophy, art practice and art history. His original way of seeing, marked by modern researchers altered.

As “metaphorical journey eyes” helped to shape a new way of thinking, a special interpenetration of philosophical and artistic discourses. The impact of his ideas is felt in the concepts of many great thinkers of the XX century. In particular representatives of the “philosophy of life” of psychoanalysis, theorists of the Frankfurt School, postmodernism.

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