Carl Gustav Jung (1875-1961) – Swiss physician, psychoanalyst. Born near the River. Basle. Heritage KR Jung great 20 volumes of incomplete Works. A distinctive feature views KR-Jung is the desire to prove the unity of the human race and the possibility of improving the soul, which will lead to understanding people of East and West, eliminate conflicts in modern Western culture.
One of the chapters KR Jung “Problems soul of our time” called “contradictions” Freud and Jung. Being a professional practitioner, KR Jung at the beginning of his career he sent several of his works of Freud, who invited him to work, which eventually ended rupture as a result of differences of views on a number of both professional issues. Thus, KR Jung wrote Freud S. inability to understand religious experience of man: KR Jung himself drew East, and, unlike his colleagues, he was positive attitude to all religions. To emphasize the uniqueness of his theory, he called psychoanalytic this not as Z. Freud and analytical psychology or Western yoga.
Another important difference is in the interpretation of the nature of libido. KR Jung denied that the libido is extremely erotic color. This term he has used in another sense: the energy, which requires implementation, encourages people to work, which is reflected in the work and has no erotic connotation. A significant difference between the two scientists found in the treatment of mental activity. If Freud believed that neurosis begins in early childhood and its main factor is the imagination and desires related to the so-called Oedipus complex, the KR Jung, by contrast, was convinced that the reason for neurosis hidden in today’s day, and all the children’s imagination – second-order effects. For Freud, dreams Q – is evidence of outstanding individual desires for KR Jung – channel with symbols of the unconscious.
Different understand Freud and Jung, KR and culture: Freud saw in the culture system of prohibitions restricting and displacing natural inclination; KR Jung understood the culture as a system of symbols by which a person creates a model of the world, plans to conduct and scenarios, focused in the social space. There are other contradictions that become apparent after the presentation of the concept KR Jung. Jung suggests to tell apart three degrees of brain:
- the private unconscious (below he contains these feelings which have misplaced their strength and so were overlooked, or since they’re drawn mindset);
- the collective subconscious, that will be the building blocks of the person psyche.
Should you evaluate subsequently observed various understandings of the spontaneous and this plan. Like Jung, acknowledges the private subconscious, as a result of individual encounter that is individual; It includes items which were aware, after which vanished from awareness consequently of repression or neglecting. Nevertheless, unlike Freud, Jung in KR may be the spontaneous that is collective – that area of the spirit, which may be recognized from the individual subconscious on the floor this lifestyle – the end result isn’t an individual purchase, but. “As The subconscious that is individual comprises primarily of processes, the unconscious’ items are actually archetypes”.
The archetype’s idea signifies the lifestyle of types that are particular existing, based on Robert E. Jung, anytime, everywhere. To verify their medical thinking pertains to their predecessors: D. Levy-Bruhl documented the clear presence of in relative faith; some simple individuals “combined representations” With A like motifs. Hubert. Moss as imagination category; A. Bastian named them “primary” or suggestions that were preliminary. Jung proves that along with the individual subconscious and also our instant awareness, there’s another psychic program of the common combined and cold character that’s similar in most people. This combined subconscious is learned, in the place of developing person. The archetype, the initial picture that is indigenous usually, that it’s similarly subjected to epoch or at least an entire country.
Scientists think that spontaneous focused framework of both natural, since it denies attribute of Western tradition dualism of nature and issue, physique and heart. Soul for this – one. Instincts being boring the driving causes which make the example archetypes – therefore close, that assumptions: archetypes are brought by Jung – is natural habits of conduct or spontaneous pictures of themselves instincts. Archetypes, although for the same internal lives includes a powerful typical foundation not instincts – connotations and pictures that created over centuries. He thinks the archetypes – the quantity that is same as you will find circumstances that are common. As, although the countless duplication of the knowledge embodied within the individual structure, although not within the type of pictures full of information.
Type without information, addressing simply the chance of motion and particular notion. If you find exactly the same scenario these archetypes are triggered, like push, and based on him carried action, out a particular action. Jung stressed that his idea of “unconscious” is definitely a scientific that its lifestyle is unveiled for them with sufferers consequently of useful work although not philosophical fruit.
If a culture that’s a of the spontaneous, in unconscious Jung culture, since it includes archetypes – humanity’s combined experience. Awareness isn’t subordinates spontaneous, since it is incredibly substantial and near doesn’t stress him, addressing social worth. Unlike program wherever the “Rider” handle the mount in KR Jung are equivalent and shaped, since awareness and unconsciousness would be the primary architectural aspects of the spirit.